Some notable databases such as PubMed already hide author affiliation until the moment that the link is accessed and the reader is redirected to the specific journal. 2002 Dec [cited 2018 Jul 2];56(3):339–46. Yes. The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) should consider developing guidance on how to address geographic bias in the peer review process, to ensure that at all stages of the publication process research is being judged based on merit alone. The predicted odds for review score prediction for “Paper from the U.S.” was 1.01 [95% CI (0.66–1.55)], and the predicted odds for review score prediction for “Same country as reviewer” was 1.15 [95% CI (0.71–1.86)]. 2019 Apr [cited 2019 Apr 26];94(4):670–6.
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You could have your school mention in the reference that you had medical reasons for being off. 1.
J Informetr [Internet]. Mean differences in impression scores associated with attribution of an article or an abstract to the SMJ were − 0.12 [95% CI (− 1.53–1.30)] and − 0.95 [95% CI (− 2.41–0.52)], respectively. Of those, 347 (63.0%) clinicians also completed the second wave of surveys. The author affiliations were switched between each review, so that abstracts initially attributed to HIC sources were attributed to LIC sources during the second wave of review, and vice versa. Heuristics, or mental shortcuts, offer a possible explanation for this skew of scientific research [11, 12]. Please contact the University College London 's Admission Office for detailed information on a specific admission selection policy and acceptance rate; the above University admission information is indicative only and may not be complete or up-to-date. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK; 2008. Ministries of Higher Education) that have the legal authority to officially accredit, charter, license or, more generally, recognize University College London as a whole (Institutional Accreditation or Recognition) or its specific programs/courses (Programmatic Accreditation).
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In those circumstances they may be lenient. Seven covariates were investigated which could modify the predicted odds. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025619618307079.
The same screening strategy was employed for articles identified through hand-searching. Conversely, less recognizable journals, such as the SMJ, or the African Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology (AJEST) may not benefit from this treatment and may even be evaluated less favorably because of their geographic origin. 2016 [cited 2018 Aug 20].
Tomkins  found that when reviewers were aware that the article under review originated from a top university, they were more likely to recommend it for acceptance. Authors randomly assigned reviewers of an annual computer science conference to either the Single-Blind Program Committee (SBPC) or the Double-Blind Program Committee (DBPC). Please visit ucl.ac.uk to make sure the University information provided is up-to-date.
A more long-term objective should be the creation of sustainable policies surrounding international development, which must include a strong focus on capacity-building and scientific collaboration between HICs and LICs/LMICs. 2002 23 [cited 2018 Jul 23];359(9307):696–700.
Please report errors and additions taking into consideration the above criteria. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0148296311003560. If deemed relevant to the scope of the review according to the inclusion criteria, or if the scope was unclear from the title, abstracts were reviewed. Available from: http://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12992-017-0304-y. Available from: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191901. Notwithstanding the limitations in the way the three trials we included were conducted, we found that the observation that HIC research is favored over LIC research is upheld. Explicit bias toward high-income-country research: a randomized, blinded, crossover experiment of English clinicians.
Each study included in this review used a different trial design. Available from: http://www.fsp.usp.br/rsp. Just as the source of a product influences the consumer’s choice to purchase it, the geographic origin of a scientific manuscript may bias a reviewer or a reader’s opinion of the research. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0167487099000239.
While descriptive studies such as the ones we cite are useful in their own right, they can only go so far in revealing explicit bias in the review and consumption of scientific literature. North America and Europe receive 42.3% and 35.3% of the world’s citations, respectively, while the total contribution of the world’s citations from Africa, South America, and Oceania is lower than 5% . A b o u t | C o n t a c t U s | A d v e r t i s e, © 2005-2020 uniRank ™We use third-party cookies to personalize content and improve your experience. Available from: https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-014-0579-0. Find out rankings and reviews of all Universities in the United Kingdom, Search for courses and scholarships with the uniRank World Universities Search Engine, Explore a list of all recognized Universities in Europe by country, Site last updated: Friday, 2 October 2020.
Important: admission policy and acceptance rate may vary by areas of study, degree level, student nationality or residence and other criteria. Founded in 1826 in the heart of London, and became one of the two founding institutions of the University of London.
Brand and country-of-origin effect on consumers’ decision to purchase luxury products. Results from Harris et al. Correspondence to Though journals hold a significant and valuable place in the academic community and will continue to do so, the practices employed by organizations such as F1000 may have a lasting impact on leveling the playing field between research from HICs and LICs. PLOS ONE [Internet]. SBPC and DBPC members conducted their reviews simultaneously, and a predicted odds of acceptance for a list of seven covariates was generated . Not available; please submit an official general video presentation of this higher education institution. Overall mean difference in rating of relevance and likelihood of recommendation to a peer between abstracts HIC and LIC source was 4.50 [95% CI (3.16–5.83)] and 3.05 [95% CI (1.77–4.33)], respectively, Results from Tomkins et al . Thus, we cannot conclude if observed differences in their respective results were in fact due to bias, or some other factor. If concerns and questions about inclusion persisted upon completion of the full-text review, these were discussed within the research team.
We describe a systematic review to identify RCTs that specifically examine geographic bias in the assessment of the quality of research articles to determine its full extent in the knowledge diffusion and publication process. HI and JR revised subsequent drafts for important intellectual content.
Please contact the appropriate University College London's office for detailed information on yearly tuitions which apply to your specific situation and study interest; the above uniRank Tuition Range Matrix™ is indicative only and may not be up-to-date or complete. Where inquiry ends: the peer review process and indigenous standpoints.
J Int Bus Stud [Internet]. Using the tool as a framework, we devised search terms for each of the different categories. Available from: https://www.bmj.com/content/341/bmj.c6424, How it Works - F1000Research [Internet]. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
PLOS ONE [Internet].
Other strategies include a more decentralized, open-access, and open peer review model being employed, for instance, by F1000 . The journal is dead – discuss, and AMA [Internet]. Disclaimer: This University profile has not been officially reviewed and updated by University College London's representatives yet; we cannot guarantee the accuracy of all the above University information. Available from: http://www.nature.com/articles/srep00902.
Our familiarity with the subject matter led us to anticipate that the outcome measures of included studies would be too heterogeneous to conduct a comparison using a robust meta-analysis.
2018 Jan 31 [cited 2018 Oct 26];13(1):e0191901. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673602078169.
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